What Happened When?

The timeline of the traditional schools of jurisprudence

AD 1750 to AD 1850

1769-1821 Napoleon Bonaparte, later Napoleon I, emperor of France
1776-1781 American Revolution, U.S.A. recognized as independent nation
  1779-1861 Friedrich Karl von Savigny
1789 American Constitiution signed
1790-1859 John Austin
1793 French Revolution
1803 Louisiana Purchase negotiated, area explored by Lewis and Clark
1806-1873 John Stuart Mill
1818-1883 Karl Marx
1822-1888 Sir Henry Maine
1838-1900 Henry Sidgwick
1841-1935 Oliver Wendell Holmes, Jr

1769-1821 Napoleon Bonaparte, a Corsican by birth, eventually rose to generalship of the French army under the auspices of Voltaire and his associates. He assumed the throne of France as emperor and attempted to subjugate all Europe, a task which was foiled only by internal strife and the brilliant leadership of English general Wellington. He died as an exileon the island of St. Helena.

1776-1781 The American Revolution succeeded in separating the thirteen English colonies from teh British Empire. The surrender of Cornwallis at Yorktown to General Washington marked the close of hostilities.

1779-1861 Friedrich Karl von Savigny was a sociologist at the time when the theories of sociology were just beginning to take hold. An able jurist as well, Savigny is credited as the co-founder of Sociological Jurisprudence, which emphasized that the societal code and the law were reflections of one another.

1789 The ratification of the U.S. Constitution formally created the Union of States which is now a world superpower. This document, along with several amendments, forms the basis of our government today. Prior to this time, the states were held together in loose confederacy by the Articles of Confederation.

1790-1859 John Austin is perhaps the best-known student of Jeremy Bentham, and is responsible in a very great aspect for the foundation of the school of Legal Positivism. While Utilitarians believed in teh greatest good, Austin theorized that law was nothing more than the expressed will of the sovereign. This statement ultimately led to the creation of positive law.

1793 French Revolution

1803 Louisiana Purchase

1806-1873 John Stuart Mill

1818-1883 Karl Marx

1822-1888 Sir Henry Maine

1838-1900 Henry Sigwick

1841-1935 Oliver Wendell Homes, Jr.

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This page last updated on 3 May 2002 by John Stradling
Copyright John Stradling 2002